The Injector Driver Module (IDM) is an essential part of your 7.3 Powerstroke diesel engine. It controls the diesel fuel injectors that send fuel into the combustion chamber, which powers the vehicle. The injection process in a diesel engine is extremely precise. The IDM tells the injectors when to fire and for how long based on the information it receives from the PCM, or Power Control Module.
If the injectors don’t fire when they are supposed to, you’re bound to run into a range of problems behind the wheel. Learn more about this often-overlooked part and what happened when things go wrong.
Symptoms of a Failing 7.3 Powerstroke IDM
If the IDM isn’t working properly, the injectors that power the engine will either fire at the wrong time or fail to fire altogether. The engine needs a specific amount of fuel and air based on operating conditions. Temperature, elevation, oil temperature and turbo boost can all affect the injection process. The IDM is designed to automatically adjust injection timing and pressure to improve engine performance.
The Ford Powerstroke 7.3 was the first computer-controlled diesel engine when it first hit the market back in 1994. Most diesel engines now use this technology, but it was considered a game-changer back in the day. The good news is that most IDMs are relatively well-designed. The main problem is that there is a vent in the side to account for changes in elevation and temperature. Water and other fluids can slip into the vent, causing electrical damage and corrosion.
Here’s what will happen when your IDM bites the dust:
- Trouble Starting
You may have trouble just getting out of the garage if the IDM is unresponsive. The computer will tell the fuel injectors to fire when the engine is first starting up. But you won’t get very far with a dead signal.
- Sudden Loss of Power
You’re driving along at a steady speed until the engine suddenly loses power. You may have trouble hauling heavy loads, maintaining your current speed or driving up a steep incline.
There’s also a chance the engine could stall out entirely. When the IDM fails, the engine may stall suddenly before turning right back on again. This means the engine isn’t getting enough fuel to sustain power.
- Rough Riding
The road might start to feel a little choppy when the IDM fails. The injectors will continue to misfire, leading to inconsistent acceleration and an intense rocking sensation that could leave you feeling queasy after a few hours of driving. You might also experience a knocking or shaking behind the wheel.
- Poor Fuel Efficiency
When the IDM is off, your injectors will likely inject more fuel than necessary into the combustion chamber. You will start to burn through fuel faster than you are used to.
There are a lot a technical problem that can cause these kinds of issues, so don’t assume you need to replace your IDM until you some evidence to back it up. The best thing you can do is search for the exact technical error. Run a full scan on your truck’s computer system to find the source of the problem. Look up the error code to see which part needs to be replaced.
If you notice one or more of these issues, there’s a good chance there is something wrong with your fuel injection system, but the IDM might not be entirely to blame.
To fix the issue, you’ll likely need to replace your Ford 7.3 injector driver module. Installing a new IDM will ensure that your injectors fire at the right time to help you save on fuel.
There may also be a problem with your injection pressure regulator (IPR) valve, which monitors fuel injection pressure. The IDM collects this information, so it can adjust fuel pressure and injection timing based on current driving conditions. Find replacement IPR valves to make sure your IDM has access to accurate information.
The fuel injectors play an important role in your vehicle. Diesel engines are known for their reliability, but some parts need to be replaced after a while. Find replacement diesel parts online to keep your engine in great shape.